Which department should I go to if I have these symptoms? How to find optimal clinical department and how to express your medical condition.

Today is a simple article. When you get sick in Japan, you may be wondering which department to visit. In such a case, please refer to this article to find a clinical department to visit. I have written another article about how to go to the hospital, so please have a look there. well then, we’ll start!

Symptoms corresponding to each clinical department

Part1 D~N

Department / 診療科(しんりょうか)Symptoms / 症状(しょうじょう)
Dental / 歯科(しか)
□ cavity / 虫歯(むしば)
□ missing teeth / 歯(は)が欠(か)けた
□ yawned teeth / 入(い)れ歯(ば)

Dental surgery / 口腔外科(こうくうげか)
□ cut inside the mouth / 口(くち)の中(なか)を切(き)った
□ throat/ 喉(のど)に関(かん)すること
□ chin / 顎(あご)に関(かん)すること

Dermatology / 皮膚科(ひふか)
□ Urticaria / 蕁麻疹(じんましん)
□ herpes zoster / 帯状疱疹(たいじょうほうしん)
□ nails / 爪(つめ)
□ rough hands / 手荒(てあ)れ
□ diabetes / 糖尿病(とうにょうびょう)
□ animal bites / 動物(どうぶつ)に噛(か)まれた
□ acne / ニキビ
□ athlete’s foot / 水虫(みずむし)
□ 虫刺(むしさ)され
□ burns / 火傷(やけど)

Gynecology / 婦人科(ふじんか), 産婦人科(さんふじんか)
□ pregnancy / 妊娠(にんしん)
□ Sexually transmitted diseases / 性病(せいびょう)
□ irregular menstruation / 月経不順(げっけいふじゅん)

Internal medicine / 内科(ないか)
□ cold / 風邪(かぜ)
□ flu / インフルエンザ
□ heatstroke / 熱中症(ねっちゅうしょう)
□ bloody stool / 血便(けつべん)
□ diarrhea / 下痢(げり)
□ asthma / 喘息(ぜんそく)
□ sputum / 痰(たん)
□ palpitation / 動悸(どうき)
□ fever / 発熱(はつねつ)
□ anemia / 貧血(ひんけつ)
□ Abdominal pain / 腹痛(ふくつう)

Neurosurgery / 脳神経外科(のうしんけいげか)
□ Headache / 頭痛(ずつう)
□ numbness / 痺(しび)れ
□ paralysis / 麻痺(まひ)
□ paralysis of the face / ろれつが回(まわ)らない
□ facial paralysis / 顔面麻痺(がんめんまひ)

Part2 O~U

Department /
Symptoms /
Orthopedics /

□ sprains / 捻挫(ねんざ)
□ fractures(こっせつ)
□ bruises / 打撲(だぼく)
□ gout / 痛風(つうふう)
□ stab fingers / 突(つ)き指(ゆび)
□ low back pain / 腰痛(ようつう)
Otorhinolaryngology /

□ cold / 風邪(かぜ)
□ flu / インフルエンザ
□ hay fever / 花粉症(かふんしょう)
□ nosebleed / 鼻血(はなぢ)
□ runny nose / 鼻水(はなみず)
□ sneezing / くしゃみ
□ tinnitus / 耳鳴(みみな)り
□ dizziness / めまい
Pediatrics /

General sick and illness of children up to about 15 years old. / 15歳(さい)くらいまでの病気全般(びょうきぜんぱん)。
Plastic surgery /

□ Face injuries / 顔(かお)のけが
□ cuts / 切(き)り傷(きず)
□ burns / 火傷(やけど)
Psychiatry /

□ depression / 鬱病(うつびょう)
□ feeling depressed /
□ autonomic imbalance /
Proctology /

□ hemorrhoids / 痔(ぢ)
□ itching in the anus /
Respiratory system,
Circulatory system /

□ Chest pain / 胸痛(きょうつう)
□ pneumothorax / 気胸(ききょう)
□ asthma / 喘息(ぜんそく)
Surgery /

□ scratches / 擦(す)り傷(きず)
□ cut / 切(き)り傷(きず)
□ appendicitis / 虫垂炎(ちゅうすいえん)
□ hemorrhoids / 痔(ぢ)
Urology /

□ hematuria / 血尿(けつにょう)
□ venereal disease / 性病(せいびょう)
□ urinary incontinence / 尿失禁(にょうしっきん)
□ pollakiuria / 頻尿(ひんにょう)
Complete Guide to Buying Japaneses Medicine in Japan

If you still don’t know which department (clinic) you should go to

Here are hospitals (here, hospitals with 200 to 400 beds or more) and clinics in Japan. The hospital has multiple departments, so you can see any symptoms.
However, if you do not have a document called a letter of reference(referral)* by the clinic to see a hospital, the cost of medical treatment will increase accordingly.
* Medical examination costs will be higher at night and on holidays.

If you are in a local city in Japan, you may not have a department (clinic) near your house, but it is recommended that you visit the clinic for the first visit as much as possible. If you can get a letter of reference(referral)* from a clinic somewhere, the cost of medical treatment at the hospital will not increase.
*750 yen

What’s more when you need anything, this online community may help your problems.

Introduction and usage of the online community “useJapan”

How to express the medical condition

Part 1

● Throbbing / ズキズキ

My head is throbbing.

● Pricking pain / チクチク

I have a prickling pain in my back. or My back is tingling.

● Thumping, beat / ドキドキ

My heart is thumping or beat. or My heart is throbbing.

● Sore tingling / ヒリヒリ

My throat is sore. or My throat is tingling.

● Sting, smart tingling / ヒリヒリ

My skin really stung when I burned myself. My skin really stung when I burned myself.

● Tickles / ムズムズ

My nose tickles. or My nose tickles.

● Spinning, Dizzy Clash of Clans / クラクラ

My head is spinning or dizzy.

Part 2

● Pounding / ガンガン

I have a pounding headache.

● Numb / 痺(しび)れる

My leg is numb.

● Tingling / ピリピリ

My skin is tingling.

● Swollen / パンパン

My legs are swollen.

● Stabbing / キリキリ

I have a stabbing pain in my stomach.

● Tingling / ジンジン

My foot is tingling. or My foot is asleep.

● Grumbling / ゴロゴロ

My stomach is grumbling.

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I hope you don’t get sick, but if you get sick, I hope you can use the expressions in this article to help explain the type of pain to your doctor.

Bless you!


Jerry Verrett

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