Which department should I go to if I have these symptoms? How to find optimal clinical department and how to express your medical condition.

Today is a simple article. When you get sick in Japan, you may be wondering which department to visit. In such a case, please refer to this article to find a clinical department to visit. I have written another article about how to go to the hospital, so please have a look there. well then, we’ll start!

Symptoms corresponding to each clinical department

Part1 D~N

Department / 診療科(しんりょうか)Symptoms / 症状(しょうじょう)
Dental / 歯科(しか)
□ cavity / 虫歯(むしば)
□ missing teeth / 歯(は)が欠(か)けた
□ yawned teeth / 入(い)れ歯(ば)

Dental surgery / 口腔外科(こうくうげか)
□ cut inside the mouth / 口(くち)の中(なか)を切(き)った
□ throat/ 喉(のど)に関(かん)すること
□ chin / 顎(あご)に関(かん)すること

Dermatology / 皮膚科(ひふか)
□ Urticaria / 蕁麻疹(じんましん)
□ herpes zoster / 帯状疱疹(たいじょうほうしん)
□ nails / 爪(つめ)
□ rough hands / 手荒(てあ)れ
□ diabetes / 糖尿病(とうにょうびょう)
□ animal bites / 動物(どうぶつ)に噛(か)まれた
□ acne / ニキビ
□ athlete’s foot / 水虫(みずむし)
□ 虫刺(むしさ)され
□ burns / 火傷(やけど)

Gynecology / 婦人科(ふじんか), 産婦人科(さんふじんか)
□ pregnancy / 妊娠(にんしん)
□ Sexually transmitted diseases / 性病(せいびょう)
□ irregular menstruation / 月経不順(げっけいふじゅん)

Internal medicine / 内科(ないか)
□ cold / 風邪(かぜ)
□ flu / インフルエンザ
□ heatstroke / 熱中症(ねっちゅうしょう)
□ bloody stool / 血便(けつべん)
□ diarrhea / 下痢(げり)
□ asthma / 喘息(ぜんそく)
□ sputum / 痰(たん)
□ palpitation / 動悸(どうき)
□ fever / 発熱(はつねつ)
□ anemia / 貧血(ひんけつ)
□ Abdominal pain / 腹痛(ふくつう)

Neurosurgery / 脳神経外科(のうしんけいげか)
□ Headache / 頭痛(ずつう)
□ numbness / 痺(しび)れ
□ paralysis / 麻痺(まひ)
□ paralysis of the face / ろれつが回(まわ)らない
□ facial paralysis / 顔面麻痺(がんめんまひ)

Part2 O~U

Department /
診療科(しんりょうか)
Symptoms /
症状(しょうじょう)
Orthopedics /
整形外科(せいけいげか)

□ sprains / 捻挫(ねんざ)
□ fractures(こっせつ)
□ bruises / 打撲(だぼく)
□ gout / 痛風(つうふう)
□ stab fingers / 突(つ)き指(ゆび)
□ low back pain / 腰痛(ようつう)
Otorhinolaryngology /
耳鼻科(じびか),
耳鼻咽喉科(じびいんこうか)

□ cold / 風邪(かぜ)
□ flu / インフルエンザ
□ hay fever / 花粉症(かふんしょう)
□ nosebleed / 鼻血(はなぢ)
□ runny nose / 鼻水(はなみず)
□ sneezing / くしゃみ
□ tinnitus / 耳鳴(みみな)り
□ dizziness / めまい
Pediatrics /
小児科(しょうにか)

General sick and illness of children up to about 15 years old. / 15歳(さい)くらいまでの病気全般(びょうきぜんぱん)。
Plastic surgery /
形成外科(けいせいげか)

□ Face injuries / 顔(かお)のけが
□ cuts / 切(き)り傷(きず)
□ burns / 火傷(やけど)
Psychiatry /
精神科(せいしんか),
心療内科(しんりょうないか)

□ depression / 鬱病(うつびょう)
□ feeling depressed /
  気分(きぶん)が落込(おちこ)む
□ autonomic imbalance /
  自律神経失調症
 (じりつしんけいしっちょうしょう)
Proctology /
肛門科(こうもんか)

□ hemorrhoids / 痔(ぢ)
□ itching in the anus /
  肛門(こうもん)の痒(かゆ)み
Respiratory system,
Circulatory system /
呼吸器科(こきゅうきか),
循環器科(じゅんかんきか)

□ Chest pain / 胸痛(きょうつう)
□ pneumothorax / 気胸(ききょう)
□ asthma / 喘息(ぜんそく)
Surgery /
外科(げか)

□ scratches / 擦(す)り傷(きず)
□ cut / 切(き)り傷(きず)
□ appendicitis / 虫垂炎(ちゅうすいえん)
□ hemorrhoids / 痔(ぢ)
Urology /
泌尿器科(ひにょうきか)

□ hematuria / 血尿(けつにょう)
□ venereal disease / 性病(せいびょう)
□ urinary incontinence / 尿失禁(にょうしっきん)
□ pollakiuria / 頻尿(ひんにょう)
Complete Guide to Buying Japaneses Medicine in Japan

If you still don’t know which department (clinic) you should go to

Here are hospitals (here, hospitals with 200 to 400 beds or more) and clinics in Japan. The hospital has multiple departments, so you can see any symptoms.
However, if you do not have a document called a letter of reference(referral)* by the clinic to see a hospital, the cost of medical treatment will increase accordingly.
* Medical examination costs will be higher at night and on holidays.

If you are in a local city in Japan, you may not have a department (clinic) near your house, but it is recommended that you visit the clinic for the first visit as much as possible. If you can get a letter of reference(referral)* from a clinic somewhere, the cost of medical treatment at the hospital will not increase.
*750 yen

What’s more when you need anything, this online community may help your problems.

Introduction and usage of the online community “useJapan”

How to express the medical condition

Part 1

● Throbbing / ズキズキ

My head is throbbing.
頭(あたま)がズキズキする。

● Pricking pain / チクチク

I have a prickling pain in my back. or My back is tingling.
背中(せなか)がチクチクする。

● Thumping, beat / ドキドキ

My heart is thumping or beat. or My heart is throbbing.
心臓(しんぞう)がドキドキする。

● Sore tingling / ヒリヒリ

My throat is sore. or My throat is tingling.
喉(のど)がヒリヒリする。

● Sting, smart tingling / ヒリヒリ

My skin really stung when I burned myself. My skin really stung when I burned myself.
火傷(やけど)した時(とき)、肌(はだ)がヒリヒリした。

● Tickles / ムズムズ

My nose tickles. or My nose tickles.
鼻(はな)がムズムズする。

● Spinning, Dizzy Clash of Clans / クラクラ

My head is spinning or dizzy.
頭(あたま)がクラクラする。

Part 2

● Pounding / ガンガン

I have a pounding headache.
頭(あたま)がガンガンする。

● Numb / 痺(しび)れる

My leg is numb.
足(あし)が痺(しび)れる。

● Tingling / ピリピリ

My skin is tingling.
肌(はだ)がピリピリする。

● Swollen / パンパン

My legs are swollen.
足(あし)がパンパン。

● Stabbing / キリキリ

I have a stabbing pain in my stomach.
お腹(なか)がキリキリする。

● Tingling / ジンジン

My foot is tingling. or My foot is asleep.
足(あし)がジンジンする。

● Grumbling / ゴロゴロ

My stomach is grumbling.
お腹(なか)がゴロゴロする。



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Conclusion

I hope you don’t get sick, but if you get sick, I hope you can use the expressions in this article to help explain the type of pain to your doctor.

Bless you!

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