There are two phone numbers that every Japanese person knows. It’s a phone number that can call ambulances & fire trucks and the police. I have had the experience of calling an ambulance when I had an accident on my motorcycle and couldn’t walk.
This topic will tell you when and how to use these two phone numbers in emergency. Of course, it is a service that can be used in multiple languages other than English (English, Tagalog, Korean, Spanish, Malay, Indonesian, etc.) and in 24/7, so please be sure to know it in case of emergency.
Ambulances（救急車 / きゅうきゅうしゃ） and fire trucks（消防車 / しょうぼうしゃ） can be used with the same phone number. For example, you can use this service when you get stuck in an accident while driving, when you suddenly get stuck at home and wants to go to the hospital, or when a fire breaks out.
It can also be used when you are violent or assaulted, when you see them, or when you are molested by a robber. Even if you have a traffic accident, the police will need to handle the accident in order to claim insurance premiums, so please contact the police（警察 / けいさつ） when you call an ambulance.
Dial <119> from your smartphone. Dial 119 will connect you to the command center that has jurisdiction over the area. The operator will respond in Japanese at first, but please be assured that if you tell only the language you want to speak in Japanese, you can have a conversation with a simultaneous interpreter.
Make a call to <110> from your smartphone. Just like an ambulance, calling 110 will connect you to the command center that has jurisdiction over the area. The operator will respond in Japanese at first, but if you tell only the language you want to speak in Japanese, you can have a conversation with a simultaneous interpreter, so please feel free to use it.
The operator asks you the same as in an emergency.
Both 119 and 110 can be used free of charge with no charges other than call charges. Medical expenses treated in the ambulance are also no pay.
Basically, there is no usage fee. However, ambulance use is limited to urgent or severe cases, so you may be charged for other uses. In addition, there are many mischievous calls, but let’s stop using them. Since they can get the GPS of your smartphone, you may be punished if it is judged to be malicious.
I don’t think there are many emergency calls, but it’s a phone number that you’ll want to know in case of emergency, so if you have friends who plan to live in Japan, please share this topic.
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